Arctic Plants – What You Should Know

Arctic plants are very scarce, and for good reason. This region is so cold that few plants can actually survive in the weather. The plant life that calls the arctic home has to be very steady and able to withstand all of the different elements. There are some flowers, moss, and shrubs to be found, along with some grasses. However, because of the weather and the fact that the soil is only a few centimeters deep across the continent, there is simply not a mass of plants that call this continent home.

Arctic Plants

Arctic plants that you will find in this region include things like grasses, lichen, cloud berry flowers, wildflowers, herbs, dwarf and arctic willows, and more. There are only a few short months of sunshine in the arctic, and the weather is still cold and windy all the while. Still, many plants have managed to adapt and call this region home, no matter what the weather is like. Adapting is a slow process that requires the plants to adjust to their new surroundings and get used to the temperatures and lack of sunlight in the region.

Many of the plants are smaller and grow very low and close together. This keeps them protected from the severe winds of the arctic and the cold that it is known for. Other arctic plants use fuzzy coverings or wooly seed covers to protect themselves from the elements and adapt to the cold environment that is found here. The plants that have cup-shaped flowers are able to direct the sun’s warmth into the center of the flower, allowing them to stay warmer than the air surrounding them. An example of this would be the poppy. There are many ways that plants adapt, including having shallow roots, small leaves, dark colors, and hearty survival skills.

Arctic Forest Plants

You won’t find delicate flowers or shrubbery in the arctic. In fact, arctic plants have to be durable and adapt to the weather in order to survive. Because of the climate and short season for growing, most of the plants that you’ll find on the arctic tundra are perennials, which means the flowers do not die in the winter and come back year after year, which makes them heartier than annual plants that are only around for one or two seasons. The plants in the arctic have had to adapt themselves to many things, but they are still there and give the landscape something else to offer beyond snow and ice.


One Comment

  1. Bethany
    Posted March 22, 2013 at 2:39 pm |

    how is a cloudberry adapted to its environment?